The modernisation of the Indian Industry, which began in the 1980s, and subsequent liberalization of the economy exposed the shortage of high quality technicians as a major impediment to the globalisation of Indian Economy.
As a follow up to the National Policy of Education (NPE), the Government of India, formulated the Tech. Ed I and Tech. Ed. II Projects to facilitate supply of technical trained manpower to the Industrial Sector and to make education the Polytechnics more responsive to the expansion of science and technology and the needs of the Industry & the rural sector through the introduction of new technology and training approaches in the Project States.
Specifically the objectives were to :
- Expand the capacity of the polytechnic education system
- Improve the quality of polytechnic programmes
- Enhance the efficiency of management and operation of the polytechnic system.
Important Details of TECH ED - II
Starting Date: January 17, 2001
Completion Date: June 30, 2007
Total Project Cost: Rs 386 crore
List of the States & Polytechnics with Allocation in TECH ED - III
Realising the need for development of the northeastern states, Jammu & Kashmir and UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and to bring in equity and balanced growth nationwide, Government of India has announced a number of schemes for economic and industrial development. To make these schemes successful, it was felt that among other things, quality of adequately qualified technical manpower would be required. Consequently, the Government of India negotiated a Technician Education Project III with the World Bank to include the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir and UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Assam was part of Technician Education - II Project in which 10 polytechnics were supported by the project with investment of Rs 55.6 crores. The state of Manipur decided not to participate in the project.
The northeastern region of the country, including Jammu & Kashmir and UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, have been blessed with natural scenic beauty and large reserves of natural resources. Although majority of the population in these states/UT except Jammu & Kashmir, belongs to different tribes, there is high rate of literacy, which is a matter of pride for the whole country. The state of Sikkim and UT of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, have already achieved much higher rates of primary and secondary school enrollment and literacy than the national average.
In spite of high literacy rate and educated work force and existence of significant natural resources, these States/UT have not been able to gain from the ongoing economic reforms in the country because of their remote location, low population densities, difficult terrain and lack of competent technical manpower. Nevertheless, with India aspiring to become one of the competing developed nations in the World by 2010 and consequently announcing changes in its economic policy, it is inevitable that the ground be prepared in the northeast, in Jammu & Kashmir and UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands so that these States/UT are able to contribute in the goals and aspirations of the country and be part of the development movement as the rest of the country.
||No. of Polytechnics
||Allocation Rs. in Crore
||Andaman & Nicobar Islands
||Jammu & Kashmir