The modernisation of the Indian Industry, which began
in the 1980s, and subsequent liberalization of the economy exposed the
shortage of high quality technicians as a major impediment to the globalisation
of Indian Economy.
As a follow up to the National Policy of Education (NPE),
the Government of India, formulated the Tech. Ed I and Tech. Ed. II Projects
to facilitate supply of technical trained manpower to the Industrial Sector
and to make education the Polytechnics more responsive to the expansion
of science and technology and the needs of the Industry & the rural sector
through the introduction of new technology and training approaches in
the Project States.
Specifically the objectives were to :
- Expand the capacity of the polytechnic education
- Improve the quality of polytechnic programmes
- Enhance the efficiency of management and operation
of the polytechnic system.
Important Details of TECH ED - III
Starting Date: January 17, 2001
Completion Date: June 30, 2007
Total Project Cost: Rs 386 crore
List of the States & Polytechnics with Allocation
in TECH ED - III
Realising the need for development of the northeastern
states, Jammu & Kashmir and UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and
to bring in equity and balanced growth nationwide, Government of India
has announced a number of schemes for economic and industrial development.
To make these schemes successful, it was felt that among other things,
quality of adequately qualified technical manpower would be required.
Consequently, the Government of India negotiated a Technician Education
Project III with the World Bank to include the states of Arunachal Pradesh,
Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir and
UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Assam was part of Technician Education
- II Project in which 10 polytechnics were supported by the project with
investment of Rs 55.6 crores. The state of Manipur decided not to participate
in the project.
The northeastern region of the country, including Jammu
& Kashmir and UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, have been blessed
with natural scenic beauty and large reserves of natural resources. Although
majority of the population in these states/UT except Jammu & Kashmir,
belongs to different tribes, there is high rate of literacy, which is
a matter of pride for the whole country. The state of Sikkim and UT of
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, have already achieved much higher rates of
primary and secondary school enrollment and literacy than the national
In spite of high literacy rate and educated work force
and existence of significant natural resources, these States/UT have not
been able to gain from the ongoing economic reforms in the country because
of their remote location, low population densities, difficult terrain
and lack of competent technical manpower. Nevertheless, with India aspiring
to become one of the competing developed nations in the World by 2010
and consequently announcing changes in its economic policy, it is inevitable
that the ground be prepared in the northeast, in Jammu & Kashmir and
UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands so that these States/UT are able to
contribute in the goals and aspirations of the country and be part of
the development movement as the rest of the country.
||No. of Polytechnics
||Allocation Rs. in Crore
||Andaman & Nicobar Islands
||Jammu & Kashmir